influence

A variety of styles since the middle of the 20th century have come and gone from post-modernism to deconstructivism. The influences of the early 20th century inspire the digital compositions on this site. MC Studio cut-up techniques have been composited with hand drawings, graphic digital images and digital photographs. Feel free to peruse the analytiques and cut-ups that are carving, mashing, slicing and sampling other artwork.

Tristan Tzara was one of the Presidents of Dada and in 1919 moved toward Surrealism with a poem produced by pulling words randomly from a hat. Christopher Thurlow, a Creativist, discovered Triptography when he had run out of unexposed film. Triple exposures would sometimes be tripped by three different artists using the same camera and slice of film.

The Bauhaus in the 20's and 30's with Mondrian and Kandinsky explored photomontage, collage, and cubomania among other techniques. Laszlo Moholy-Nagy’s influence in photography, typography and photograms produced “the new vision” and attempted new ways of seeing with a camera. At the same time the Russian Constructivist movement was pushing similar directions with photomontage and wide angle, high contrast photography from Rodchenko and a handful of others.

By the mid 1940’s William S. Burroughs and Jack Kerouac wrote the novel, "And the Hippos Were Boiled in Their Tanks." They wrote alternating chapters as a mystery novel. This was an early precursor to similar random techniques Burroughs would employ in his later work during the years of the Beat Generation.

In 1957 Burroughs was using a non-linear style of writing for his novel, "Naked Lunch." Allen Ginsburg and Kerouac had a hand in assembling part of the non-linear format and scraps of paper Burroughs had written and randomly collected. Burroughs met the artist, Brion Gysin during this period and became intrigued with his cut-up painting technique. In room number 15 at the Beat Hotel, Burroughs began taping together photography snapshots in a similar cut-up technique that fade and slip into a dream like fashion.

By 1959 Burroughs and Gysin began experimenting with cut-ups directly into the written word using Gysin’s painting technique by cutting and blending random text into a single narrative. After it’s original publication in 1959 and subsequent American publication in 1962, Naked Lunch altered the landscape of American literature.

Cut-up: a general term for scrambled writing - A technique invented by Brion Gysin in the 1950’s but also used before this time as an experimental method.

Fold-in: taking the text of one page and cutting it into quarters -The quarters are switched around to combine columns in a new order. For example q.1 switched with q. 4. This method was used by Burroughs.

Burroughs believed that he was not the writer but a transcriber of what was already written. It was no trouble if the words he wrote weren't his, since no words belonged to any writer, just like colors don't belong to painters. These words and ideas targeted controlling interests and agents. Burroughs called the word a virus, "something which infects us and duplicates itself. Certain words have strong effects on us. These are either seen as holy or obscene. Other words can change our consciousness like a chant or song." By cutting these words up Burroughs believed that he could become free from their effects.

William Klein’s mid 1950’s raw photography was influenced by the Bauhaus of Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, György Kepes, and minimalist modern graphic styles. Blurred, wide angle, high contrast, spare, abstract images reawakened the photography world in New York City.

Tritography™ is the exploration of a digital collage art form colliding more than one original digital images rendering "unreal realities". The rational and irrational appear as one gazes at the image long enough for the mind to relax. New spaces and places appear in the depths of the image, much like an optical illusion. MC Studio continues to explore these new "slices of time" through digital techniques influenced by artists of the early to mid 20th century.